Historians and archeologists are trying to trace the ancient History of Hunza within the inscriptions carved on rocks near Ganish village. However, these inscriptions have zero clue about the local settlements and appear just like a Guest Book for ancient travelers who traveled from Central Asia and China to India. The origin of the Burusho people as well as their language is a mystery that may never be solved.
Within the historical accounts the neighborhood people relate their origin with all the soldiers of Alexander the Great (July 356 BC to June 10, 323 BC). It is known that in 326 B.C once the forces of Alexander the Great was on back and passed through Hunza, five in the soldiers becoming ill, lagged behind in Hunza. These soldiers made this valley their home. However, here you go also not known that before their arrival there is any human settlement or not. If there is no human settlement in the valley then, here you go not clear that from which these soldiers married? It is additionally stated that Hunza had not been within the route in the soldiers of Alexander.
According to another theory three (3) generals in Alexander’s army have married Persian women. The generals betrayed Alexander by offering the Persians his plans. When Alexander been aware of the betrayal he sought to adopt revenge, however the generals, wives and a band of many soldiers fled. The valley of Hunza is thought to get been their valley of refuge due to its remote and secure location. Chances are that the Hunza valley was already sparsely inhabited once the Macedon generals arrived. Certainly these tough fighting warriors made quick work of slaughtering the original inhabitants of Hunza. Though this can be purely speculation, it is actually highly probable. The desolate rocky valley could not have access to supported the Macedonians unless some farms have been slowly built by others within the preceding centuries.
People also narrate the earlier settlers migrated within the valley either from central Asia or from Shigar. It is known that, once the Brusho were occupying major areas of the current day Northern Areas which had been called Brushal but latter the invasion of Shins pushed these to Hunza, Nagar and Yasin Valleys. It is known that human settlement was were only available in Nagar valley where people migrated to Hunza. If it is true there is great chance that this people migrated this place through Shigar. Major tribes of Altit migrated Hunza from Hakhashal; an old settlement near Hopper Nagar.
In accordance with Biddulph , Brushu people conquered Hunza in 120 B.C. E, after which they captured Shigar and Baltistan. The word “Brushal” comes from Brushu, that is ancient name of Peshawar. In Tibetan history Hunza is named as Bruza as well as the people of the area were called Burushos. During 11th century A.D., the shins invaded the area and pushed Buroshos to Hunza and Yasin Valleys. In Hunza they settled Ganish, Altit and Baltit villages and up to 18th century the neighborhood individuals were restricted within these 3 fortified villages. However, Dr Ahmed Hassan Dhani writes that this people of Hunza proper are part of Dard race in the Yashkun caste and have nothing related to the Huns.
In another account it is said that this White Huns – warrior tribes from Central Asia – conquered the Kabul Valley, the Indus valley and the Northern Areas in the early 6th century A.D. They ruled through several local Shina and Burushiski kings called “Rajas”, who were subordinate to the Hun Emperor. It is also said that the original ancestors of the Hunzu Kuts were called Moghul. While rwlgfw from the Hunza valley, their leader Mughal Tithum, was injured when kicked with a horse along with to keep there in proper care of his most trusted men. After recovering he established the communities of Baltit, Altit and Ganish. However, today the Hunza folks are from diversified background. People from central Asia, Baltistan, Diamer and many other places migrated and settled within the valley.